So you think you know what is biomass?

5 Sep

At its most basic level biomass is usually considered organic material that may be burned to generate heat/electricity or converted to a liquid or solid fuel.  Biomass may be plant material: crops grown specifically to be a fuel (e.g., switchgrass and various prarie grasses); “waste” components of a plant (e.g., corn stover or sawdust); or plant derived products that no longer serve their original purpose (e.g., waste pallets or wood from demolished building stock).  Biomass may also be animal waste, aquatic plants or municipal wastes.

Anyone contemplating a biomass project is most likely doing so with the intent of receiving (state or federal) funding or inclusion in a certain government program and should pay attention to how biomass is defined in that program.  On the federal level alone, biomass has over a dozen different definitions and several statutes actually have multiple definitions (the Energy Policy Act of 2005 has 6 different definitions).  These statutory definitions include and exclude various of the above mentioned biomass categories.  Several of the federal statutes also distinguish between biomass located on federal and private lands. 

Biomass energy also faces an uncertain future as US EPA determines whether to consider biomass energy as carbon neutral.

If you have questions about biomass and whether your project complies with a specific program, contact us at 773-609-5320, info@thornenvironmentallaw.com, or through our web contact form.

Disclaimer: This article cannot, and does not, create any attorney/client or consultant/client relationship.

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